Chandra Shekhar Azad was the freedom fighter. He was born in Bhavra village, Madhya Pradesh. His mother wanted him to be a Sanskrit scholar, but he chooses to dedicate his life towards freedom of India instead.
He was sent to Kashi Vidhyapeeth, Banaras to pursue his studies. When he was about 15 years of age, he came to know about Mohandas Gandhi and his Non-cooperation movement.
He was jailed due to his involvements in the movement and he was presented in front of a magistrate. There he gave his name as “Azad”, his father’s name as “Swatantra”.
After this incident, he was called Chandra Shekhar Azad by his colleagues. After Gandhi called back the non-cooperation movement, he did not give up.
He was introduced to Ram Prasad Bismil who had formed the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), a revolutionary organization. A famous incident is often mentioned, where bismil was initially hesitant to accept Azad to his organization, so Azad put his hand above the flame and did not remove his palm until his skin was burnt.
After this incident, Bismil accepted Azad into the organization. He worked for the organization and was majorly responsible for collecting funds for the organization.
He was involved in many operations against Britishers. Few of them are Kakori Train robbery of 1925, and an attempt to blow Viceroy’s train.
After the robbery of the train, Britishers came down heavily on organizations and Azad was forced to resettle base of the organization at Jhansi and changed its name to Hindustan Socialist Republican Association.
It was during the time of 1928 that he met Bhagat Singh, and they both planned to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, who was killed during a police assault led by James A. Scott.
The assault was in return for the procession led by Lala Ji who was protesting against Simon commision. To avenge Lala’s death they tracked down the officer and set out to kill him.
Unable to find James A. Scott, they killed J. P. Saunders instead. After this incident police chased them but they were able to run away.
After this incident, Azad laid low for some time, but an unknown informant told the police about the whereabouts of Azad and he was surrounded by police in Alfred Park, Allahabad.
A firefight broke out and Azad was able to kill 3 policemen and injured many others. But soon he was outgunned, and he shot himself to keep his pledge of never to be captured alive.
Britishers than tried to bury him in a secret ceremony but soon public came to know about this and they reached the location in large numbers.
After his death, Alfred Park was renamed Chandrashekhar Azad Park.
Azad was one of the true patriots and he did surrender. he stood up and challenged the Britishers. But many people still do not know much about such fighters. This is a small attempt to spread awareness about such great personalities.
“Azad Hoon, Azad hi rahunga” – Chandra Shekhar Azad
“I was born free and I will die free” – Chandra Shekhar Azad
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